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"Got Milk?" is a question fewer and fewer Americans are asking these days. Despite the decline in milk consumption over the past few decades — and the growing debate about whether milk is even good for you — health experts still agree that it's the healthiest drink you can reach for.
Milk is "a whole package of nutrients that you can't find in any other beverages," says Ashley Rosales, a registered dietitian with the Dairy Council of California. Other drinks just don't stack up in nutritinoal content, says Dr. Keith Ayoob, an associate clinical professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City who still operates a clinical practice today. "Milk is one of the most efficient foods," he says, "because not much else can deliver the most nutrition per calorie."
And what exactly are the nutrients in this complete package? The most familiar nutrients in milk may be vitamin D and calcium, two essential components for bone health. But there's much more than that: there's potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, plus plenty of protein and carbohydrates that make up milk's nutrient-rich profile. Miller points out that magnesium and phosphorous are also critical to bone health, and the potassium helps keep the heart healthy and blood pressure down. The potassium and protein levels also makes milk an ideal post-workout drink (hey, even the Olympians are doing it!), says Ayoob. "The potassium replaces fluids, and the proteins builds muscle — and people keep going for protein powder or whey powders after their workouts," Ayoob says. "Where do you think whey comes from? Milk."
It's all of the nutrients together that make it the complete package — and other milks fall in comparison. While other drinks may be fortified with nutrients, like vitamin D and calcium, you may not be getting the full benefits of milk. "We're uncovering that nutrients work with other nutrients," Rosales says. "While we've figured out that vitamin D and calcium go hand in hand, there's a whole matrix of other nutrients that are needed for bone health."
And as milk consumption is on the decline, kids and adults alike aren't getting the nutrients they need. Ayoob says about seven out of 10 kids don't get enough calcium, and the same for nine out of 10 teenage girls. While flavored milks in schools have gotten a beating before, Ayoob says he fully supports them, because any milk consumption is better than none at all. Even though flavored milks may have more sugars, "it's a judicious amount of sugar," Ayoob says. And if kids don't start drinking milk soon, "they'll graduate with degrees and lousy bones," he says.
What You Should Know About the Pro-Vegan Netflix Film 'What the Health'
T he recent pro-vegan Netflix documentary, What the Health, is under fire from nutrition experts. The film, which is co-directed by Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn&mdashthe creators of another Netflix documentary, Cowspiracy&mdashand co-produced by actor Joaquin Phoenix, is being criticized by some health professionals for exaggerating weak data and misrepresenting science to promote a diet that avoids all animal foods.
TIME fact-checked the film. Here are four things that What the Health got wrong&mdashand what it got right.
Best Ingredients for Bone-Healthy Smoothies
- Leafy Greens (except spinach) – if you want stronger bones, calcium is key. Dark leafy greens such as kale, bok choy, collard greens, and Swiss chard all have plenty of calcium. Spinach contains calcium as well, but it also contains acids that may reduce calcium absorption. It’s therefore best to choose other leafy greens in smoothie recipes for strong bones.
- Low-Fat Dairy – calcium is what your bones crave, and dairy is rich in this essential mineral. Most health experts recommend consuming 2-3 servings of dairy per day, not just for the calcium, but also for potassium and protein as well. If you’re a vegan or if you’re following the alkaline diet, plant-based milk can be a great alternative.
- Plant-Based Milk – fortified plant-based milk also contains calcium. Some people believe that your body absorbs calcium from plant-based foods at a higher rate than from cow’s milk for example. While I don’t know if that’s true, I still love my almond milk smoothies. Almond milk has a nice nutty flavor, somewhat similar to cow’s milk. It’s best to choose unsweetened varieties that are lower in calories and sugar. Almond milk usually only has 30-50 calories per 8 oz serving, while cow’s milk contains about 150 calories. Switching cow’s milk for low calorie plant-based milk may help you lose some weight as a nice side effect.
- Nuts and Nut Butter – nuts are rich in magnesium and protein. People with osteoporosis tend to have lower magnesium levels. It’s believed that a higher magnesium intake may help build healthy bones. Protein is also key for bone health. In fact, protein makes up about one-third of bone mass. Eat a handful of nuts each day as a snack or simply add some to your smoothies.
- Seeds – like chia seeds contain a healthy dose of boron. This mineral helps your body to metabolize calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and promote bone health.
- Greek Yogurt – I don’t make a secret out of it, I love Greek yogurt and Greek yogurt smoothies. It can be beneficial for bone health as its rich in calcium and protein. In fact, Greek yogurt contains two times the protein of regular yogurt and less than half the amount of sodium. Its thick, creamy texture is perfect for smoothies.
Many Women Are Sharing Breast Milk, and That Has Health Experts Worried
FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- "Informal" sharing of breast milk may be more common than thought, with too many parents mistakenly thinking it's risk-free, new research suggests.
In a pair of studies, researchers delved into the issue of donor breast milk, and how parents are choosing to get it. In one, a survey of 655 parents who used donor milk found that only about 36% got it from official "milk banks" that screen and pasteurize donations.
Most said they'd turned to "informal" sharing, where parents get breast milk either from a nursing mom they know or via the internet. It's a practice discouraged by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration due to safety concerns.
There is a risk of dilution, or contamination with viruses or bacteria, particularly with donor milk obtained online, explained Dr. Lori Feldman-Winter, who chairs the AAP's Section on Breastfeeding.
Certain viruses, such as HIV, can also be transmitted through breast milk.
"If you get breast milk from someone you know, it's probably a low-risk situation," said Feldman-Winter.
However, she added, that doesn't mean there's no risk.
Study author Dr. Ruth Milanaik, of Cohen Children's Medical Center/Northwell Health in New York, made the same point. Even when breast milk is given for free, with the best of intentions, she said there could be accidental contamination or temperature instability that causes the milk to spoil.
"The only recommended option for obtaining donor breast milk is through a milk bank," said Milanaik.
That is easier said than done, however.
Right now, there are 28 nonprofit milk banks across the United States that are part of the Human Milk Banking Association of North America. And most of that milk, Feldman-Winter explained, goes to hospitals for preemies whose mothers cannot yet express their own breast milk.
That means little left over for moms of full-term infants who cannot breastfeed, or for adoptive or male gay parents. And even when it is available, there is a steep cost -- around $4 an ounce, Milanaik said.
With informal sharing, parents may get breast milk for free -- either from a friend or by finding a local donor with the help of social networking. There are also websites that allow women to sell their breast milk -- it's not a cheap option, but the prices are typically lower than those of a milk bank, Milanaik noted.
Breast milk is considered the best nutrition for infants. However, it's not clear whether, for most babies, donor breast milk is a healthier choice than formula.
There's proof of the benefits to preemies in the hospital, Feldman-Winter said. But when it comes to healthy, full-term infants, "the science just isn't there yet," she said.
So if breastfeeding or banked milk are not options, the AAP recommends formula-feeding.
The new findings will be presented by Milanaik and co-author and Cohen researcher Nikita Sood on Saturday at the AAP's annual meeting in New Orleans, and are based on two related studies. Such research is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.
In the first study, a survey found that of those who chose informal sharing, 56% said they had no safety concerns, and 78% did not ask for medical information from donors because they "trusted them." More than half said they opted for informal sharing over milk banks due to costs.
In the other study, the researchers looked at 122 parenting-blog posts on donor breast milk. Most, they found, focused on informal sharing rather than milk banks, and most "lacked important discussion of safety concerns."
It's not clear how many parents are choosing informal milk sharing. But the new findings suggest it may be more common than pediatricians realize, Feldman-Winter said.
"Certainly one of the take-home messages here is that doctors should talk about this," she said. "We're missing an opportunity, as pediatricians, to open up a dialogue and help clarify misperceptions."
As for nursing moms who have extra milk they want to donate, Milanaik urged them to give to a milk bank.
What the World's Top Health Experts Eat for Breakfast
In the world of expert nutrition advice, there is breakfast and then there is everything else. And while we&rsquore cuckoo for
Cocoa Puffs science-backed tips, sometimes it&rsquos incredibly helpful to step back from all the studies and ask the pros one simple question: What do YOU eat every morning? So that&rsquos exactly what we did.
We&rsquove got our healthy breakfast, but here 23 of the world&rsquos top health expertsshare their favorite way to fuel up, from classics like oatmeal, high-protein smoothies, and eggs, to more creative first meals that don&rsquot happen until noon.
1. Barry Jay, Co-Founder of Barry&rsquos Bootcamp
In this past year, I&rsquove returned to being a vegan. My breakfasts tend to vary, depending on my mood. Typically it&rsquos either oatmeal with natural almond or peanut butter, whole-grain bread with almond butter, or a protein shake consisting of almond milk, PlantFusion protein powder, peanut butter, and banana.
2. Mike Roussell, Ph.D., Nutrition Consultant and Author of 6 Pillars of Nutrition
My typical breakfast is a glass of plain kefir, scrambled eggs with spinach and feta cheese, and a side of prunes.
I saute tomato, garlic, red onion, pepper, and balsamic vinegar in olive oil, and I serve this on toasted sprouted whole-grain bread topped with eggs over easy and avocado.
4. Keri Gans, R.D.N., Author of The Small Change Diet
Oatmeal cooked with nonfat milk, topped with chunky natural almond butter and chia seeds. I take my vitamins with 1/4 cup calcium-fortified OJ mixed with around 3/4 cup seltzer. Then I top it all off with a mug of black coffee (half decaf/half caffeinated). I would do total decaf, but I compromise for my husband who needs his caffeine.
5. David Katz, M.D., M.P.H., Director of Yale University Prevention Research Center and Author of Disease Proof
Blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, banana, and any other fruit in season nonfat, plain Greek yogurt whole-grain cereal from Nature&rsquos Path and a bit of cinnamon.
6. Brett Hoebel, Fitness Expert and Creator of 20 Minute Body @bretthoebel
I make a chocolate peanut butter protein shake by combining chocolate protein powder, natural unsalted peanut butter, ice, unsweetened almond or coconut milk, cinnamon, and water.
My usual go-to breakfast these days is an apple smoothie made of a chopped apple (skin on) blended with unsweetened coconut milk, coconut butter, unsweetened pea protein powder, a handful of fresh spinach, and fresh grated ginger. I also have a tall glass of water with lots of fresh-squeezed lemon added.
8. Marion Nestle, Ph.D., M.P.H., Paulette Goddard Professor of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health at New York University
I&rsquom not a breakfast eater and don&rsquot start eating until when most people start thinking about lunch. I do like to have coffee, but just don&rsquot feel hungry in the early morning. I like to eat when I feel hungry, usually after 11:00 or so. At that point, I go for cereal&mdashcold or hot, with fruit and a little brown sugar.
9. Heidi Kristoffer, Creator of CrossFlowX
Upon waking, I always drink room-temp water with lemon. For breakfast, I make a vegan parfait layered with coconut yogurt, papaya, and homemade granola of oats, millet, raw nuts, coconut, and goji berries. After, I will have warm tea and more water with lemon.
10. Jessica Matthews, Assistant Professor of Health and Exercise Science at Miramar College
A &ldquobreakfast bowl:&rdquo sliced hard-boiled egg whites, black beans, cubed tofu seasoned with Franks Red Hot, and avocado. It&rsquos a delicious combo of protein, carbs, and healthy fats.
My aim is to always get the most &ldquonutrient&rdquo bang for the &ldquocalorie&rdquo buck, and my favorite breakfast is one that is full of color, nutrition, taste, and convenience. I typically start the day off with a cup of rooibos tea, two smoked salmon cigars (sliced Alaskan salmon rolled with cucumber, avocado, tomato, and onion), and a small bowl of cottage cheese with almonds.
12. Anna Kaiser, Founder & CEO of AKT InMotion
I make a super-energizing and empowering smoothie each a.m.: chocolate whey protein, almond butter, raspberries, blueberries, chia seeds, and Alkaline Grasses Powder from the Juicy Naam mixed with some water and ice.
13. Jill Miller, Fitness Therapy Expert, Co-Founder of Tune Up Fitness, and Author of The Roll Model
I start my day at 7:30 a.m. with at least 14 ounces of room-temperature water, followed by a shot of beneficial bacteria, then chase it all down with a cappuccino. I make another cappuccino (this time decaf) while I prep breakfast for my husband and I. My go-to daily nourishment is farmers&rsquo market eggs scrambled into an omelet cooked in a generous dose of organic butter. I&rsquoll slice an avocado for my omelet while I toast gluten-free bread. I slather my toast with organic whipped cream cheese and strawberry preserves.
Lately, I have also been eating what I call &ldquosecond breakfast&rdquo about two hours after my first breakfast. I am eight months into nursing my daughter, and I find I am extra hungry in the late morning. I mix vanilla bean sheep yogurt with a banana, cocoa powder, and a handful of granola to tide me over until lunch.
My breakfast is Vega Choc-a-lot Protein Smoothie mix blended with avocado, spinach, and almond milk.
15. Erica Giovinazzo, R.D., Brick New York: CrossFit Coach and Nutritionist
I cook up whole eggs and egg whites, which I eat topped with peach and mango salsa. I am a firm believer in the importance of protein at breakfast. Because we&rsquore fasting overnight while we sleep, our body naturally releases sugar into our bloodstream, and so our blood sugar is always slightly higher in the morning. There&rsquos no need then to add fuel to fire with even more sugar!
16. Danielle Tafeen Karuna, Founder of Provita and Yoga Expert
I always start my day off with a big glass of room-temperature water to hydrate first. After meditating, I have oatmeal pretty much every day of the week. I make it with water and add low-sugar, wheat-free granola, chia seeds, wild blueberries, and a scoop of cashew or almond butter. My husband always makes me a cup of coffee in the morning, but I drink it after I eat, so I usually take it to go with foamed coconut-almond milk and a bit of Truvia.
A breakfast I love is Cheerios with sliced banana, nonfat milk, and a hard-boiled egg.
18. Dana Angelo White, R.D., Nutrition Expert for FoodNetwork.com and Sports Dietitian and Clinical Professor at Quinnipiac University
I keep sliced whole-grain bread from a local bakery in the freezer. On busy mornings I toast it and spread with peanut butter or top with a scrambled egg, cheese, and sliced tomato. On the weekends, I turn it into French toast. It&rsquos a simple, healthy ingredient that&rsquos so versatile.
19. Gabrielle Bernstein, New York Times Best-Selling Author and Life Coach
My go-to breakfast is gluten-free oatmeal, coconut yogurt, and yerba mate tea.
20. Ellie Krieger, R.D., New York Times Best-Selling Author and Host of Food Network&rsquos Healthy Appetite
Overnight oats in a jar: I mix yogurt, milk, oats, vanilla, cinnamon, and honey, then stir in some quartered grapes and almonds, and put it in jars to sit in the fridge overnight. By morning the oats have softened and absorbed all the great flavors, and it becomes like a pudding studded with sweet juicy bites of grapes and crunchy almonds.
My breakfast starts later than most. I enjoy intermittent fasting, which means breakfast usually happens around noon. At that time, I&rsquom feasting on an egg scramble with broccoli, spinach, peppers, and chicken sausage topped with sriracha. If it&rsquos a training day, I&rsquoll have a side of fruit salad or cream of rice mixed with almond butter and protein powder.
22. Tracy Mallett, Celebrity Trainer and Lifestyle Expert
My breakfast is steel-cut oats and raspberries with flaxseeds and coconut milk.
23. Joy Bauer, R.D.N., Health and Nutrition Expert for NBC&rsquos Today Show and Founder of Nourish Snacks
My mornings are so hectic that my go-to breakfasts are usually fast and fuss-free. One of my favorites is low-fat, plain Greek yogurt topped with one of my Nourish Snacks, like Coconuts for You (coconut chia-oat clusters), Cocoa Loco (dark chocolate chia-oat clusters), or Granny&rsquos Apple Pie (cinnamon-spiced apples and walnuts).
The Basics of Milk Alternatives
If dairy isn&rsquot an option for you (based on your taste preference, or if you are a vegan, vegetarian or have lactose restrictions) there are several milk alternatives available on the market. Like reduced-fat and skim milk, some vitamins and nutrients are usually added to the milk alternatives through fortification, although with non-dairy components.
With all varieties, choose the unsweetened versions. Milk and milk alternatives can double their amount of sugar if they are sweetened with added sugars.
Almond milk is plant-based and made by grinding almonds into a pulp. The pulp is mixed with water and then strained. Almond milk is consumable by vegans and is naturally lactose-free.
Even though almonds are a good source of protein, almond milk is not. A cup of unsweetened almond milk has about 1 gram of protein compared to 8 grams of protein per cup of cow's milk. But on the plus side, almond milk is much lower in calories and sugar compared to cow's milk and contains very little saturated fat.
It's a good source of vitamin A and potassium and is often fortified to be a good source of vitamin D. Almond milk naturally has calcium and is also fortified with it, which makes it substantially higher in calcium per serving than cow's milk.
Soy milk is created by the suspension of soybean flour in water. This widely used milk alternative is plant-based and consumed by both vegans and the lactose-intolerant.
It's a good source of protein (as much as cow's milk), and is much lower in calories than whole milk (it has about the same calories as reduced-fat milk). It also contains very little saturated fat.
Soy milk is a good source of vitamin A and potassium, and is often fortified to be a good source of calcium and vitamin D.
However, soy is also a common allergen, so people who are allergic to soy should not drink soy milk. Also, most of the soy in the U.S. comes from genetically modified plants, which is a concern to some. In addition, too much soy may be a problem for people with thyroid disease or other conditions.
What about soy milk and breast cancer? The latest research is mixed. Says the Susan. G. Komen website , "The effects of soy in people with breast cancer are unclear. Some research finds that soy might &lsquofeed&rsquo certain breast cancers because it can act like estrogen. Other studies have found that soy seems to protect against breast cancer. The difference in effects might have something to do with the amount taken. Because there isn&rsquot enough reliable information about the effects of soy in women with breast cancer, a history of breast cancer, or a family history of breast cancer, it&rsquos best to avoid using soy until more is known."
Rice milk is made from milled white or brown rice. It's the least likely of all of milk products to cause allergies, which makes it a good choice for people with allergies to dairy, soy, or nuts.
Rice milk can be fortified to be a good source of calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D. However, rice milk is high in sugar, carbohydrates and calories and is low in protein.
"On average, one medium-sized California Cara Cara or Navel orange contains 3 grams of dietary fiber, which can help keep you fuller longer, improve blood cholesterol levels, and lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, obesity, and even type 2 diabetes," says Frances Largeman-Roth, RDN, nutrition expert and author of Smoothies & Juices: Prevention Healing Kitchen. "Oranges are also very hydrating and naturally contain potassium, an electrolyte our body can't make its own. When I start to amp up my spring fitness, I like to have an orange at breakfast. Potassium is essential for muscle contractions and hydration among other benefits."
"Eggs are one of the healthiest breakfast foods you can eat," says Megan Byrd, RD from The Oregon Dietitian. "Eggs are known to be high in protein and vitamin D, but they are also one of the best sources of choline. Choline aids in metabolism function and is essential for fetal growth development. That makes eggs extremely healthy for pregnant women."
"This diet is created by Californian internist Alwin Lewis, MD, the Five-Bite Diet needs you to omit breakfast and then only you can eat five bites of your meal at lunch and dinner," says Shannon Henry, RD from EZ Care Clinic. "The very minor portions of this diet will help in weight loss, but the unbelievable restriction of eating only 10 bites of food each day is not a healthy way to lose weight."
What’s a healthy breakfast for you?
What do you have for breakfast ? There are those that drink only coffee. There are also those that drink fruit juice or milk. There are those that always eat olive and cheese with bread.
There are those that want greens in the breakfast or that don’t be full without boiled egg. There are also those that like eating frying or omelet. Or there are those that eat jam and fruit. Well, whats a good breakfast for you?
I will continue to answer the question “ what’s a healthy breakfast ? ”. But before passing to what to have for breakfast, I have some explanations to correct the most common mistakes.
I hope you don’t have healthy breakfast on the go in the mornings. It isn’t bad but there is better than it. Or if you have breakfast after 1 – 2 hours than getting up, I must say this:
Don’t qualify this repast as fast breakfast ideas. Because this is the most important meal of the day. It provides our body’s losing energy first. And then we will make our body resistant until lunch. It collects strength for work and hustle and bustle.
Having a cup of tea, coffee or eating a few olives isn’t a real breakfast. As you guess, you cannot get energy you need so much. And you cannot reach the answer of “ what’s a healthy breakfast ? ”.
It is also very important when you eat like those you eat for a healthy breakfast. Health experts say, not me. There are those that have breakfast after a long time than waking up. This isn’t good. You should have your breakfast without waiting too long
Because, as I have mentioned earlier, we should prevent the slowing down of metabolism. Late breakfast causes negatives, such as anemia and impairment of concentration.
But if you eat your breakfast regularly at the right time, you reap the benefits of it. Your metabolism thrives and the nutrients are better digested. In this way, your body fat becomes lower.
# Protein, fiber, oil
Now, as almost everyone knows, protein is an indispensable ingredient for the body. It is very important because it strengthens the muscles, protects the body and keeps the resistance high. If a distressed period becomes, the protein becomes a part of recovering of the destroyed cells. We also need to pay more attention to the fact that the body can’t produce protein.
In order to prepare our bodies for the day and speed up our metabolism, protein should be at most nutritious breakfast. Milk, cheese and egg is very suitable for it. Therefore, I found and used many healthy breakfast ideas with eggs.
But if you get more protein by supposing that it is necessary for you, the harms occur. There isn’t a depot to store protein in our bodies. So those that aren’t used remain as fat.
When there is too much intake of proteins, the organs are at risk. Especially, more than enough animal-derived intakes trigger heart diseases. Negatives may be experienced, such as kidneys to have stones, making urea because increasing calcium loss. You should not allow many disturbances like these. So you will have taken the first step for the question “what is healthy breakfast?”
It is also inconvenient to eat foods that don’t contain fiber at breakfast. In short, nutritional fiber is necessary for our body. If you don’t have fiber-containing foods at breakfast, you can’t be full up. Fibrous foods such as raw vegetables and whole grain crisps feed and don’t make you feel hungry – in a short time.
Also it protects our body and provides therapeutic support. It is also important for weight balance. They are one of the most selected food for healthy diet breakfast. It is an important element for losing weight. It balances blood sugar, blood pressure controls diabetes. It is very beneficial to lower cholesterol. Facilitates and increases the evacuation of the intestines.
Let me give a little suggestion on fiber before I forget. Consume fruit instead of fruit juice. Eat by not peeling them because fiber is in the shell of the fruit
# An important warning !
As I try to point out in each subject, consume fibrous nutrients in a balanced way. According to the scientists’ descriptions, consuming necessary amount of fiber is useful. But consuming too much fibrous foods disturbs the digestive system. The risk of bowel cancer increases in the future. I mean you should be careful for the question “How much should I eat?” like “What to eat for breakfast healthy?”
For finding the answer of question “ what’s a healthy breakfast ? ”, another mistake made most is having breakfast without oil . But not the oils that comes to mind first. I don’t talk about solid oils like margarine , or unhealthy oils . I hope you already know that we should not use them for healthy nutrition.
If such oils are consumed, they initially trigger heart diseases. Very fatty foods bring forth heart attack. By the way, you can also read my article ” heart healthy breakfast “. It causes many negatives, such as vascular occlusion, hypertension. They also threaten our body with many problems, such as disturbing the sugar balance, lowering blood levels.
If you consume too much unhealthy oil at breakfast, you should pay more attention.
Those that we really need to consume in the nutritious breakfast are healthy oils. You may think that they are unhealthy when you hear the word “oil”. But this is really one of the items we need for our body. Even, if we consume in a healthy way, both foods we eat become more delicious and we become full easier.
As an example, olive oil is the most healthy oil. And extra virgin one is the most healthy because it is pure. It is heart-friendly because it contains unsaturated fat. We should use for heart healthy breakfast. Because it provides benefit for our digestive system and vessels. It is good for cholesterol, it also balances blood pressure.
I don’t know what is breakfast for healthy life for you, but I recommend you to watch out for my warnings.
What’s a healthy breakfast – Olive oil
Women Who Have Thin, Brittle Bones Have a Higher Risk for Developing Heart Disease
There's a strong correlation between osteoporosis and clogged arteries.
Women who have thin, brittle bones are more likely to develop heart disease later in life, according to a new study from researchers at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. A team of rheumatologists examined data from women ages 50 through 80 between the years of 2005 and 2014. They found that women who develop osteoporosis, which is the term used to describe a brittle bone disease, after menopause may be at a heightened risk for developing heart disease due to clogged arteries.
Health experts say that 21 percent of women are at risk of cardiovascular death, compared to only 15 percent of men. Women who have thin or weakened bones at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and hip were each associated with a heightened risk of heart attack or stroke by 16 percent to 38 percent, according to the study. Other factors that researchers considered included age, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and a previous bone break.
"Considering that [DXA scanning] is widely used to screen for osteopenia and osteoporosis in asymptomatic women, the significant association between [bone mineral density] and higher risk of [cardiovascular disease] provides an opportunity for large-scale risk assessment in women without additional cost and radiation exposure," said the team of researchers in a statement. This particular study was just based on previously collected data and does not establish cause, but does demonstrate a correlation. Earlier research indicated that women with osteoporosis often have atherosclerosis, which is an artery disease caused by a build-up of cholesterol, suggesting that there may be a link between these two conditions.
More research is needed to help women learn how to live their healthiest lives. "Perhaps it is high time to establish how bone health affects vasculature and understand the underlying pathophysiology that links osteoporotic and atherosclerotic conditions. In doing so, we might just discover new ways to improve the treatment of, and care for, the hearts and minds of women, as well as of men," says Dr. Dexter Canoy and Dr. Kazem Rahimi of the Nuffield Department of Women&aposs and Reproductive Health at the University of Oxford. Dr. Canoy and Dr. Rahimi were not involved with this study.